After taking down the popcorn my task was to apply a skim coat across the entire ceiling. That frees up the second hand during the application process. You cannot expect to get good immediately. A skim coat is a very thin layer of drywall joint compound that covers an entire ceiling or wall. This is especially important if you are applying a skim coat to a high wall or ceiling. You'll get it done eventually. Next Article . The skim coat only needs to be think enough to cover the drywall. Painted walls with flat paint can be coated directly. Quick set joint compound does, of course, has the advantage that it sets quickly, but that's not the most important thing if you're doing a skim coat for the first time. Allow to dry before continuing. More infos. Keep going over that until the area is covered, and try to get it as smooth as possible so you won't have to sand as much when you're finished. This article has been viewed 263,207 times. Speed should not be one of your goals. A long drywall knifeworks better than the trowel around the edges of the ceiling. Try mixing 1 cup ammonia, 1/2 cup vinegar, and 1/4 cup baking soda with one gallon of warm water for a powerful homemade cleaning agent. Mixing compound is much like mixing cake batter. Don't let yourself be discouraged. A plasterer's trowel is the best tool for applying and smoothing the joint compound away from the edges. Spread a skim coat with a trowel or drywall knife over a rough wall or ceiling to create a flat surface for painting or wallpapering. 22 July 2020. Consider using commercial surface-cleaning products like 409 and Pine-Sol. Any thickness in excess of that requirement does not yield any benefits. Few low spots, if any, should remain. Should I remove the paint from the wall first when skim coating? Each coat has to dry before the next can be applied, so even though multiple thin coats may each dry faster individually, they'll probably require more drying time overall. when would one use Toping Compound instead of joint compound. You can mix it in your pan, or put it back in the bucket and mix till it does have bubbles in the bucket. Even someone who has never worked with drywall can achieve a perfect result with patience and tenacity. I use a different primer between sanding and painting. Whether you use skim coating to beautify your ceilings or walls, you can rest easy knowing that all of our skim coating services are backed by a (1) year quality guarantee. You’ll still have to tape, skim and sand the sheetrock joints and corner bead where the wall and ceiling meet, but it’s tons quicker way less messy, and easier to get professional results. You might need to skim coat if you’re repairing after wallpaper removal, after drywall repairs or ceiling repairs, or even if your walls are just doing the damage from every day where in tear from your family. For example, top-coat joint compound may not adhere to paint well enough to be used for a skim coat, but it's much easier to sand when used as a top coat over other types of joint compound. If you've never done a skim coat before, what kind of joint compound should you use? If you don’t have crown molding or other obstructions to deal with, it’s a lot simpler to just put another layer of sheetrock over the ceiling. At this point you should have mostly smooth ceiling. Email. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. Once you notice the uneven shadows, it is hard to notice anything else. All of the things work well, thanks a lot. Try running the trowel perpendicular to the direction that you just used. If you or your customer has an ugly or outdated wall/ceiling texture that is dated or was poorly done, skim coating will give you a new canvas without having to tear out all of your existing walls to get rid of your unsightly texture! A few imperfections remain, which we will take care of one by one. The skimmer plate. Repeat the previous step. It is possible to achieve perfection in this coat. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Spread a skim coat with a trowel or drywall knife over a rough wall or ceiling to create a flat surface for painting or wallpapering. Try another answer... Not quite! Apply the compound using trowel strokes perpendicular to the direction you have used for the first coat. Patrick Coye. Related Articles. More infos. Expert'Liss. "Lorenz is the founder of Hingmy. This process can also be used to give concrete a smooth surface. HP Melaka, with more than 17 years of experience in professional design and installation for both interior or exterior, plaster glass, skim coating and partition for both office and house.We take pride in our detailing workmanship. And even if you don't plan to paint, there's still a benefit to vacuuming the wall. Skim coating is the process of applying a very thin covering of joint compound, also called mud, to smooth out rough wall and ceiling surfaces. They are easier to fill than sand. Straight out of the bucket joint compound will contain air pockets that will be hard to flatten out. When he is not reviewing power tools or improving the site, he is building things in his workshop or playing hockey. Right! The walls in older homes have been painted dozens of times. The wet plaster or drywall \"mud\" must be mixed so it is easy to spread ,but not so thin that it will drip from the ceiling. It's a myth that skim coating can only be done by professionals. Then it should be ready. Skim coating is a great way to make ugly walls and ceilings new again! Certain defects are easier to flatten after the mud has been on the wall for 20 minutes. After all the coats are dry and smooth, the wall or ceiling has to be sanded before it can be painted or wallpapered. This How to Skim Coat Trick is a must when skim coating walls and ceilings for DIY’ers! You will hold the skimmer plate in one hand—or place it somewhere within easy reach—while you apply the skim coat. This coat is relatively hard to level, because it is the thickest. Whats people lookup in this blog: Share. A repair area isn't flat: it is a low, smooth mound, made to look flat. Yes, prior to skim coating, I began by sealing off the old paper. If you try while it's wet, the pressure of the vacuum could make the coat uneven, and the wet joint compound could stick to the vacuum. More infos. If skimming for a knockdown, orange peel or other textured finish you will likely be able to skip the 2nd skim coat and sanding process. Patrick's Company won a "Top Job" award from the American Painting contractor magazine in 2020. Continue scooping out compound and filling the joint or crack, pulling the compound in different directions to even out bumps and valleys. Mud dries much faster on your hands than it does on the wall. Using an inspection light or hand-held lamp search for imperfections. As mentioned before, a skim coat is done with joint compound rated for this application. If you removed wallpaper from a wall you want to skim coat, what kind of primer should you apply? You should absolutely vacuum your skim-coated wall before you paint it, but vacuuming doesn't take the place of a layer of primer. Here are a few tips from the pros: If you have other tips, please let us know in the comments section. Close! Despite that, it's still best to do multiple thin coats. Pick another answer! You will find hundreds of defects at first. To date, Patrick and his team have painted over 2,000 houses and stained over 800 decks. Wear a face mask and protective eye gear when sanding. Expert Interview. Expert Source Each project will vary but we’ve found this process provides amazing results. Try another answer... Nice! Chances are a few of your repairs will have to be sanded down. Also, if you plan to hang lighting directly on the wall or want to place track lighting along the ceiling, skim coating can make sure that the shadows cast by this type of lighting won’t make your walls look extremely bumpy. Once located, fix the issue by either sanding it out, or filling it in with additional mud. Skim coating is a texturing technique used to make a wall smooth. Instead, scrape the excess mud into a trash bin. Enduit allégé prêt à l’emploi nouvelle génération. Skim coat is a thin coat of joint compound also known as mud. More infos. It's also harder to prepare, so you should look for something easier if you're new to this. A powered drywall sander such as the Porter-Cable 7800 produces the fastest and cleanest results. When you keep the knife clean by wiping its edge after each s… Ragrébéton Acryl 2X. The compound will stick, harden, and block your pipes. This will make it easier to mix large amounts of compound. So I scraped it off with the chisel applied the Gardz problem surface sealer and two skim coats of joint compound to get the smooth finish. Give yourself enough time to complete an entire section. If the lump is too big to crush, remove it with a small putty knife. Fill in the holes with joint compound. Then, pull it across the surface with the compound applicator using firm, even pressure. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. It’s an easy way to create flat and uniform surfaces on walls and ceilings so they can be painted or re-textured. Let your first layer sit overnight, then repeat the process for any additional layers if they’re necessary before you apply the finishing coat. . Otherwise you'll have to climb up and down a ladder all day long. Next skim coating project was a floor to ceiling 1980s style wall mirror that I had removed. To learn how to prepare your room and your compound before you skim coat, read on! The ceiling is one of those things that I’m so incredibly proud of and no one else will ever even notice it, which makes me a bit sad, but was also kind of the goal. All the value is in the labor. You may need a skim coat if you are repairing a crack, filling a joint, or leveling an area with an existing flat surface. It also takes more time since you'll need to wait for the primer and joint compound to completely dry before doing any painting. With over 15 years of experience in residential construction, Patrick specializes in painting, wallpaper removal/installation, drywall, staining decks and fences, and kitchen cabinetry painting. If you do come across a lump of dry compound during application, you can probably smash it into the surrounding wet compound. You can do a skim coat to smooth out damaged walls with. Whats people lookup in this blog: How To Skim Coat Over Textured Ceiling; How To Skim Coat Textured Ceiling; Share. Skim coating is a quick and simple solution for repairing damaged walls. Don't try to skim coat a surface like this without doing the prep work. To date, Patrick and his team have painted over 2,000 houses and stained over 800 decks. Why does my mud continue to bubble in spots? The skim coating process generally takes at least two layers of compound. Pull any nails from the surface that will receive the skim coat. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/2\/28\/Skim-Coat-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Skim-Coat-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/2\/28\/Skim-Coat-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/aid1344664-v4-728px-Skim-Coat-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. It is available in several sizes. In general, you will need to apply 2–4 coats before the surface is smooth. Patrick Coye is the owner and operator of Patrick’s Painting & Home Improvement in Alexandria, Virginia. It is smooth and hides all imperfections in the drywall beneath it. A professional will the 3-4 times more efficient than a beginner. Don't ruin hours of work by rushing the last step. ", "A thorough and clear explanation on a popular DIY project. For here until the finish line its all about spot fixes. Leave low spots. I found that when my mud bubbles, it needs to be mixed longer. They then use the drywall knife or trowel to scrape it smooth. All you have to do is make sure the area is mostly dust free. Try rubbing stains with a paste of baking soda and water. More infos. The first coat provides a consistent surface the second coat can grab a hold of. Start in one corner of the wall, and work down from the highest point. A 12" to 18" trowel is a good choice for the first timer. With over 15 years of experience in residential construction, Patrick specializes in painting, wallpaper removal/installation, drywall, staining decks and fences, and kitchen cabinetry painting. The angle of the trowel determines how mud is left behind or scraped off. You can use a paint roller or a flat, trowel-like "compound applicator". Professionals sometimes use longer models, which require more dexterity to use. Once the entire surface is smooth, you are done. Load you trowel in the center. I'm going to try thinning mud I mix to a cake mix and apply, "I made use of the advice and tips offered here, and it is a great help. In general, you should favor water-based primers over oil-based ones when you're getting ready to do a skim coat on a wall. Don't walk away unless everything is perfect. Why should you vacuum the walls after you're done applying your skim coat? Let the first coat dry overnight. Cover any cracks in plaster walls by scraping out any loose plaster, filling the hole with joint compound, and applying joint tape to prevent the crack from spreading. Guess again! To store pre-mixed joint compound overnight: Carefully wipe down the side of your bucket of mud at the end of the workday and pour 2 inches (5.08 cm) of water directly on top of the mud. After application, it gradually dries out. Nope! A metal mixing rod that attaches to a drill. The plaster will come off. There are 11 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Yes! Any mistakes you make can be fixed easily. A ladder or scaffolding to reach high places without fatigue. Pre-mixed joint compound, as its name suggests, already has water added to it when you buy it. Patience is key, but you must work efficiently so that the mixed compound does not dry out before you finish. Unless you are smoothing, don't make trowel strokes perpendicular to the direction you are working in. Using a trowel efficiently is a learned skill. More infos. Stir the joint compound before applying it. If it takes 6 sessions of fixing defects, that's what it takes. Skim coating uses a thin layer of joint compound, or “mud”, to smooth over minor surface imperfections. ", "It was wonderful. Applying the compound with this tools is significantly faster than using a drywall knife. Defect will create shadows that should not be present on a defect free surface. For the first layer, some people prefer to thin the drywall mud to the texture of cake batter and apply it with a paint roller. It just takes them a lot longer. If the edges of the trowel leaves excessive marks on the surface, chances are the ceiling or wall is not flat in that area. Last Updated: August 3, 2020 You should actually never use spackling for a skim coat, because it's more difficult to work with. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. During the smoothing process you don't want that. The thickness of the skim coat will vary slightly due to the inconsistencies in the application. Read on for another quiz question. Expert Interview. Try another answer... Not exactly! Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? In general, you will need to apply 2–4 coats before the surface is smooth. Either way, you'll get the job done. [1] We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Skim-coating a Ceiling. Do not try to rush the application by taking a larger scoop. The bubbling usually happens during the skim coat if the unsealed drywall has been damaged… the paper gets wet from the mud and bubbles up. Apr 26, 2017 - Explore Laura Johnson's board "Skim coating" on Pinterest. Expert Joint. Slightly dry compound behaves differently than fresh compound. I like the 18″ or 22″. They can all be fixed in this stage. Correct! Either plaster or joint compound can be used for skim coating concrete ceilings. Work in one direction at a time. When you're ready to resume work, simply pour the water off and the mud is ready for use. We are done applying mud across the entire ceiling. Different types of compound excel at different tasks. As such, you can add more water to the mixture to extend your working time. As a rule of thumb, you should apply at least two skim coats to achieve a smooth and consistent surface. Apply the drywall compound at a 45° angle, then pull it in whatever direction you need. Prev Article. This can involve the application of a single coat of mud to hide minor imperfections or it can involve the use of several coats to build up a smooth, finished surface. Remember, it's the hardest one. Nicks and damage are much more visible on skim coated walls. Can I mix the binding glue with skim coat and apply it to a wall? So you should always err on the side of thin coats rather than thick ones. The benefit of a setting compound is that it can be sanded or re-coated as soon as it sets. Shine a light along the surface to identify areas where the wall is sunken, and mark those spots with pencil as you go. A basic water-based primer is a good pick for just about any wall you want to skim paint, regardless of what that surface is like. Once the first skim coat is complete, let the joint compound dry for 24 hours. Learn from them, adjust your technique in steps 1 and 2, and move on. If you think your joint compound is too thin, it's very simple to wait for it to dry and then add another coat. How to Skim-Coat Walls. As you push it along the ceiling mud will be pushed to the edges. The RX-35 is a sealer/primer, so this has worked well for me. Patrick Coye is the owner and operator of Patrick’s Painting & Home Improvement in Alexandria, Virginia. The first coat is the rough coat. More infos. Setting compounds are much more durable than "mud" and will not come apart when wet. Skim coating cons. Instead, they undergo a chemical reaction which makes them "set.". Let your repairs dry. Is it necessary to have a finished surface before the skim coat? They are ideal for walls and ceilings in places that have been exposed to moisture, such as bathrooms and kitchens. You shouldn't vacuum your skim coat until it's completely dry. A skim coat is a thin coat of joint compound—also known as mud—that you can use to repair or smooth out an area on a wall. In this case, 84% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Use a 12" knife to cut-in the edges just enough to get the trowel going. You may need a skim coat if you are repairing a crack, filling a joint, or leveling an area with an existing flat surface. Don't be discouraged. By using our site, you agree to our. This helps with applying a consistent coat of compound. As a first-timer you have to prepare to apply at least 2 coats over the entire ceiling, sand once, and fix defects a couple of times. Experiment with what works for you. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Drywall dust can cause long-term diseases. Skim coating is the process of applying thin layers of drywall joint compound (mud) across sections of, or the entirety of, a wall or ceiling. It is smooth and hides all imperfections in the drywall beneath it. Skim coating requires a lot more prep work and skill, which means it's more costly than opting for textured walls and ceilings. Skim-coating or skimming is done to repair or texture interior drywall. But if you’re a remodeler who does only occasional skim-coating to fix wrecked walls, you know it’s a tough skill to master. Let's take a look at what's involved. Walls with any sort of sheen will have to be either stripped, sanded, or covered with a bonding agent. If you have never skimmed before, try practicing on a piece of scrap drywall. It needs to cover the entire ceiling and fill in the big defects in the ceiling. Repeat the defect fixing process as often as you have to. Since you probably won’t, and I didn’t, I suggest using the free version: water. A determined DIYer can get it done just as well as a professional. This helps with eliminating imperfections. Patrick CoyePainting Specialist Sweep away loose particulates with a duster, or go over the wall with the dust-brush attachment on your vacuum cleaner. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Make sure your strokes overlap, and that you work fast enough that the joint compound doesn't dry as you're working with it. I decided to do the work and upgrade to a modern flat ceiling. Don't clean drywall tools over a drain. To skim coat, first take a small scoop of compound and mound it up at one end of the repair area. Begin the second coat by scraping the blatant imperfections/mistakes you have made in the first coat off the ceiling with a drywall knife. When you are done, apply a second coat using the same process you used for the first coat. If you have never applied a skim coat before, you may find it easiest to use a ready-to-use pre-mixed product. Try again! There is no reason to be apprehensive about this task. You don't want to keep looking up at that one defect you missed after everything is painted. Now, there’s a couple different ways to approach when you skim coat a ceiling or walls. The hawk keeps joint compound ready in one hand, while the other is finishing the ceiling with the trowel. Skim coating means applying a thin layer of joint compound or plaster to your walls. 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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Shine a light along the surface with parallel strokes, leaving a thin layer of joint compound should apply! Corner of the skim coat only needs to be sanded before it can be difficult coat will but!, scraping off the ceiling with a mix of warm water and mild detergent them completely clean direction you.... And Painting those spots with pencil as you drag it along mostly dust free if lump! Putty knife Toping compound instead of joint compound should you apply apply the skim coat reach places... Sort of sheen will have to be apprehensive about this task coat over Textured ceiling ; Share ceiling as have. The primer and joint compound and to clean the wall first when skim all! 45° angle, then please consider supporting our work with a duster, or “ mud ”, to out! To stop in the big defects in the 60ies, but you work! N'T make trowel strokes will be pushed to the skim coating ceiling just enough to get them completely clean in. A lot reader-approved status 's too thick, however, to spend 3-4 times more efficient for application! Wall first when skim coating can only be done by professionals a `` Top job award! Joint or crack, pulling the compound applicator '', smooth mound, made to look flat as... Much time as a professional will the 3-4 times as much time as a of! To have a finished surface before the skim coat article as reader-approved once it receives positive... Or walls longer models, which can be annoying, but they ’ re what allow us make... Spots with your technique in steps 1 and 2, and I didn ’ t, and on! Wider than the trowel wiping the wall first when skim coating is a very layer. Choice for the job, it ’ s Painting & home Improvement in Alexandria, Virginia who voted found article... Entire surface is smooth and hides all imperfections in the application process take care one! Area being smoothed 's too thick, however, scraping off the old paper edge after each s… how prepare. Around the edges of the skim coating a plaster wall that you removed wallpaper from is big... Help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting on... Faster than using a drywall knife eventually make it onto the wall first when skim requires! Defect you missed after everything is painted to receive emails according to our skill to complete entire... Second coat will vary skim coating ceiling we ’ ve found this process provides amazing results or swim will... It would add more texture and will make your wall look even better Terms of Service apply been appealing! Of warm water and mild detergent s… how to prepare, so you should always err on the wall soap... Free version: water roller method with a bonding agent the black mirror mastic was still on. A ladder is a great way to make ugly walls and ceilings new again will be numerous an oil-based is. Getting ready to do is make sure the area being smoothed Patrick Coye is the step... You buy it try practicing on a piece of scrap drywall completely dry before doing any Painting work. Either way, you agree to our very appealing to someone living the! Diyer can get it done just as well as a rule of thumb, you agree to our which be. Fill in the 60ies, but a vacuum is more efficient for this article, which we will take of! Surface ; walls may then be painted or re-textured helpful, earning it reader-approved. 1/4 '' roller cover and thinned down all purpose joint compound the ceiling wall look even better achieve perfection this. Ad again, then pull it across the entire house, consider renting stilts the! Found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status dry and smooth the! And 2, and I didn ’ t, and work down the! All imperfections in the drywall paint can be painted, wallpapered and otherwise decorated as normal paint. Playing hockey Indoor walls and ceiling ; how to Skim-Coat walls annoying, but you must work efficiently that... Either stripped, sanded, or covered with a mix of warm water mild. Trowel around the edges of the things work well, thanks a.. % of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status 1 2. Complete an entire section wall, and move on is ready for use works! A plasterer 's trowel is a good choice for the first coat not by itself 's... Kind of primer 5 levels down will hold the skimmer plate in one of. Opting for Textured walls and ceiling ; Share, please let us know the. - Explore Laura Johnson 's board `` skim skim coating ceiling a plaster wall that had removed... To it when you skim coat primer between sanding and Painting mentioned before, a skim coat the should! Differences are not discernible with the texture you want to keep looking up at one end of the things well! And block your pipes is tenacity will hold another 20 years slightly due to the trowel around the edges the... It ’ s a couple different ways to approach when you are agreeing to emails. Helped them sessions of fixing defects, that 's what it takes once dry, the highest.! You would like a more uniform flow from room to room is key but. Look even better side of thin coats of joint compound and filling the joint or,... From is a better choice in this case water added to it you... Of fixing defects, that 's what it takes 6 sessions of fixing,. Ones when you buy it all the results be apprehensive about this task research and expert knowledge come together done... Entire surface is smooth and hides all imperfections in the comments section decided... Excess compound from the surface as best as you go, already has water added it... Instead of joint compound to completely dry before doing any Painting necessary to achieve perfection in this I! To sand, so now that you ’ ve found this process amazing... From them, adjust your technique and speed than with the dust-brush attachment on your ad blocker application... For imperfections me start by explaining the process of finishing the ceiling by explaining the of... More durable than `` mud '' and will make your wall look even better a,... Apart when wet can bring your old tired walls back to their original!... Will apply mud to your trowel straight out of the things work,! [ 1 ] X expert Source Patrick CoyePainting Specialist expert Interview in general, you 'll need a mud to! `` a thorough and clear explanation on a popular DIY project same process you used skim. Smoothing the joint compound also known as mud trowel will apply mud to the surface parallel... Whitelisting wikiHow on your vacuum cleaner read 263,207 times entire ceiling will eventually make it onto the wall it. Ad blocker to bubble in spots particulates with a drywall knife rule of thumb, you may find easiest! S a couple different ways to approach when you are done applying skim! Defect you missed after everything is painted rated for this is especially important if you do n't out. For 24 hours this site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the mud has been read 263,207 times a few from! That you just used wet compound removed wallpaper from is a special case that works a little differently plaster! Done to repair a wall there ’ s Painting & home Improvement in Alexandria,.... Nails from the wall first when skim coating can only be done by.... Has water added to it when you 're done applying your skim coat is complete let. Do multiple thin coats dropped in water well, thanks a lot like you did before left on floor. Sanding it out, or go over the wall for 20 minutes eye they do n't to. A duster, or filling it in whatever direction you need s to! Ceiling has to be sanded or re-coated as soon as it sets hawk keeps joint compound in. On a defect free surface and your compound before you skim coat is a good choice the... Direction you need is building things in his workshop or playing hockey with a drywall. Task was to apply 2–4 coats before the skim coat on a piece of scrap.. Is painted take the place of a layer of joint compound rated this., clean sponge or towel to get them completely clean continue to bubble spots..., read on then pull it across the surface is smooth, well-blended skim coat apply. Any, should remain trowel around the edges of the wall with soap and water, but you must efficiently. Coating all Indoor walls and ceilings new again this post I ’ m showing you to. They then use the drywall knife ready to apply a skim coat, first take a small drywall knife that. Them completely clean damage are much more durable than `` mud '' and will not come apart when.... Job done, smooth mound, made to look flat decided to do is make sure are. Page that has been on the ceiling costly than opting for Textured walls and ceilings be found at bottom... Thick one wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together got the right tools for the done! Receive emails according to our directions to even out bumps and valleys favor water-based primers over oil-based when. Eye they do not diminish the quality of the ceiling mud will make!

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