There are now 93,285 fewer people unemployed in the state. She was the 42nd Governor of Kansas from 1991 to 1995. Listen to 10 episodes of A People's History of Kansas City on Podbay - the best podcast player on the web. Adams, Brandon. John White Geary (1819-1873) – The third Territorial Governor of Kansas. Colonel Sumner arriving at Constitution Hall in Topeka, 1856, Your email address will not be published. John W. Leedy (1849-1935) – The 14th governor of the State of Kansas, Lorenzo D. Lewelling (1846-1900) – The 12th governor of the State of Kansas. Mabel Chase ( 1876-1962) – First female sheriff in Kansas. William Edgar Stafford (1914-1993) – From Hutchinson, Stafford was poet, pacifist, and winner of the 1963 National Book Award. Augustus Wattles (1807-1876) – An ardent abolitionist, Wattles came to Kansas from Ohio to help with the Free-State Movement. Henry J. Adams (1816-1870) – Lawyer, Free-State advocate, politician, and soldier. Charles “Charlie” C. Bassett (1847-1896) – One of the many men who served the law in the wicked little town of Dodge City, Kansas. Small and medium industries have accounted for increasing proportions of the overall numbers of employees. Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in Chicago, Illinois by Jack Delano, 1943. John Alexander Martin (1839-1889)- The 10th governor of the State of Kansas from 1885 to 1889. John James Ingalls ( 1833-1900) – From Atchison, Ingalls served in the U.S. Senate and submitted the design for the state seal and proposed the state motto. Date Created: January 2010 Date Modified: January 2020 The author of this article is solely responsible for its content. Environment (1) Wichita (2) Overland Park (3) Kansas City (4) Olathe (5) Topeka (6) Lawrence (7) Shawnee (8) Manhattan “Buffalo” Jones ( 1844-1918) – From Garden City, Jones helped to found the town and was renowned as one of the first to preserve the buffalo. Andrew Horatio Reeder (1807-1864) – Free-State leader and the first governor of Kansas Territory. African Americans, mostly from the Deep South, arrived in number in the 1870s, establishing farming settlements such as Nicodemus in the northwestern part of the state. There is now a small but growing Hispanic minority—less than one-tenth of the population—and a slightly smaller proportion of African Americans. Moses Harman (1830-1910) – From Valley Falls, Harman was a schoolteacher, publisher, and a staunch supporter for women’s rights. Katherine Richards O’Hare (1877-1948) – From Ada, she was a Socialist, novelist, and anti-war activist. Timothy Dwight Thacher – (1831-1894) – Scholar, statesman, and editor. He escaped custody twice and was killed in a shootout with police in Wichita, Kansas on November 22, 1921. George Campbell (1848-??) Charles H. Withington (1816-1881) – A blacksmith for the Sac and Fox Indians, Withington was the first white settler in Lyon County, Kansas. A stagecoach laden with mail and passengers marks the center of the canvas; a Pony Express rider and a Native American exchange fire on the left side; a vulture flies above the rider, symbolizing imminent danger and death. Robert Joseph “Bob” Dole (1923-Present) – From Russell, U.S. House of Representatives and Senate, vice presidential candidate in 1976, sought Republican presidential nomination in 1980 and 1988, and 1996 GOP presidential nominee. George Tobey Anthony (1824-1896) – Soldier, politician, and the seventh governor of the State of Kansas. Dictionary of American History, This includes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations. Blanche K. Bruce – First African American graduate of the University of Kansas in 1885. Kanza/Kaw Tribe – From a period extending far back into the past — far back of any written record — the Kanza claimed, as a nation, the region that they ceded to the United States by the treaty of June 1825. Kansas is known for producing some pretty great things, like food (remember to thank a Kansas farmer if you ate today,) college sports teams, and helium — but did you know that the Sunflower State has also produced some recognizable faces? Lying amid the westward-rising landscape of the Great Plains, Kansas was once seen as the country’s agricultural heartland; some nine-tenths of its land area is still used for agriculture. Kansas Redlegs – Although the “Red Legs” are commonly associated with the Jayhawkers of the Bleeding Kansas era and the Civil War, they were actually a separate guerilla unit that only fought during the Civil War. Senator. Rush Elmore (1819-1864) – One of the first Associate Justices of Kansas Territory. E. M. Laird – From Wichita, Laird was a co-founder of the Wichita aircraft industry. They come from the central Midwestern United States. Fred Harvey (1835-1901) – From Leavenworth, Harvey started the national chain of famous Harvey House restaurants and hotels that once stood at many of the railroad stations in the West. Lease (1853 – 1933) – Attorney, lecturer, writer, and supporter of Populism from Wichita. Daniel R. Anthony, Jr. (1870-1931) – Journalist and politician from Leavenworth. Noble Lovely Prentis (1839-1900) – Author, journalist, and newspaper editor who worked in Kansas for over three decades. Charles Rath (1836-1902) – Merchant, buffalo hunter, and freighter, Rath was one of the original organizers of Ford County County, Kansas. Josiah Miller (1828-1870) – A Free-State advocate who started one of the first Kansas newspapers. Entry: Populism Author: Kansas Historical Society Author information: The Kansas Historical Society is a state agency charged with actively safeguarding and sharing the state's history. John Pettit (1807-1877) – Succeeded Samuel D. Lecompte as Chief Justice of the Territory of Kansas. John P. St. John (1833-1916) – From Olathe, the eight governor of Kansas, National Prohibition Party’s presidential candidate in 1884. A raucous mix of antislavery settlers from New England and pro-slavery settlers from Missouri made up the early population. “Pioneers in Kansas,” mural by J. Bradbury Thompson (1911-1995) – From Topeka, he was an influential American graphic designer and art director. The vast stretches of empty fields, the flat horizons of treeless plains. James Naismith (1861-1939) – From Lawrence, he was the inventor of the game of basketball and a coach at the University of Kansas. This list represents those events that had a national or international impact. Samuel J. Jones – Douglas County Sheriff who led the Sacking of Lawrence in 1856. Kansas History Books Showing 1-50 of 76 Kansas Oddities: Just Bill the Acting Rooster, The Locust Plagues of Grasshopper Falls, Naturalist Camps And More (Paperback) R. L. Pitts – From Wichita, Pitts was the first African American to earn the Congressional Medal of Honor for service in Vietnam. Early History of Native Americans in Kansas The Indigenous People of Alabama The names of the Kansas tribes included the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Comanche, Delaware, Kansa, Kiowa, Missouria, Osage, Otoe, Pawnee, Illinois and Iroquois. Apart from industrialization and agriculture, the state is also popular for being the hometown of several popular celebrities widely admired world over. Albert T. Reid (1873-1958) – Painter, illustrator, and political cartoonist from Concordia. Learn how your comment data is processed. Ackert, James E. Adair, Florella Brown. ?-1864) – A leader of a gang of border ruffians and newspaper correspondent. African Americans in Kansas. The birth rate, however, has produced a slight natural increase in population in most years. Samuel D. Lecompte (1814-1888) – First chief justice of the Territory of Kansas, pro-slavery advocate, and railroad builder. Charles Lawrence Robinson (1818-1894) – Free-State leader and the first governor of the State of Kansas. More Famous People of Kansas. Wilson Shannon (1802-1877) – The second Territorial Governor of Kansas. Wyatt Earp (1848-1929) – Wichita and Dodge City lawman. Aaron Douglas (1899-1979) – From Topeka, Douglas was an African American painter and a major figure in the Harlem Renaissance. Here is the story of the history of my home state of Kansas. Senator and U.S. District Judge, and author of the Hatch Act. He was a candidate at Big Springs meeting and was elected to the Topeka Convention in 1855. John Lewis Waller (1850-1907) – From Lawrence, Waller was a lawyer, founded Lawrence‘s first black newspaper, and was U.S. consul to Madagascar. Alfred M. Landon (1887-1987) – From Independence and Topeka, Landon was Kansas Governor and 1936 Republican presidential candidate. Kansas City, Kansas, is contiguous with its larger neighbour, Kansas City, Missouri, and contains a significant part of the industrial complex of that region, as does neighbouring Johnson county. In many popular histories, including Howard Zinn’s People’s History of the United States, the Populists are depicted as failures, crushed by almighty capital after selling out to make alliances with Democrats. Two years later they franchised their first Pizza Hut restaurant in Topeka. Thomas W. Barber (? William A. Peffer (1831-1912) – Soldier, publisher, and United States Senator. Carry A. Frank E. Peterson, Jr. (1932-present) – From Topeka, Peterson was the first black brigadier general in the U.S. Marine Corps and NAACP Man of the Year. Lutie Lytle (1875-??) Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Lyman Underwood Humphrey (1844-1915) – The 11th governor of the State of Kansas. – Kickapoo Indian chief and prophet, moved to present-day Kansas around 1833 when the Kickapoo were removed from Illinois. Horace L. Moore (1837-1914) – From Lawrence, he was a banker, soldier, and member of Congress. Samuel J. Crumbine ( 1862-1954) – From Dodge City, Crumbine served as Secretary of the State Board of Health and led public health campaigns against the use of common drinking cups, the roller towel, and the fly. The most conspicuous demographic trend has been the move from the farms to the cities, a trend that has continued with further technological advances in farming and the increasing size of individual landholdings. Charles Joseph Chaput (1944-present) – From Concordia, and of French-Canadian and Potawatomi heritage, he was the first American Indian to lead an American diocese. James Henry Lane, aka: “The Grim Chieftain,” Bloody Jim (1814-1866) – Principal leader of anti-slavery forces in Kansas during the Kansas-Missouri Border War and the Civil War. William Lindsay White (1900-1973) – From Emporia, White was an editor, radio correspondent during World War II, and author. John Alexander Anderson (1834-1892) – Minister, congressman, and president of the Kansas State Agricultural College, at Manhattan, Kansas. He was noted for his paintings depicting life Kansas. Marshal in Montana. Julius changed his name after he married Anna Marcet Haldeman. Susanna Madora Salter (1860-1961) From Argonia, she was the first woman mayor in the nation. William Allen White (1868-1944) – From Emporia, White was an editor, publisher, author, and Pulitzer Prize winner. Henry Clay Pate (18? Clara H. Hazelrigg (1859-??) Samuel A. Kingman (1818-1904) – A Chief justice of the Kansas Supreme Court. Carl A. Hatch (1889-1963) – From Kirwin, he was a U.S. David Rice Atchison (1807-1886) – U.S. While serving as a lawman, he made a failed attempt to rob a bank in Medicine Lodge, Kansas on April 30, 1884. Because it has provided insufficient employment opportunities, Kansas has lost a considerable number of its young people to other states. – From Atchison, Earhart was the first woman granted a pilot’s license by the National Aeronautics Association and the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. Robert Hall Pearson (1828-??) Sven Birger Sandzen (1871-1954) – From Lindsborg, he was a renowned artist and professor. Senator. Samuel Medary (1801-1864) – The last regularly appointed territorial governor of Kansas. Kansas Unemployed. Hugh Sleight Walsh (1810-1877) – Secretary and acting governor of the Territory of Kansas. Along with Thomas Hart Benton and Grant Wood, he was hailed as one of the three great painters of American Regionalism of the first half of the 20th century. Harrison Kelley (1836-1897) – A soldier and member of Congress. Mary Elizabeth. Isaac McCoy (1784-1846) – An Indian missionary who worked with several tribes in Kansas and established the Delaware Baptist Mission in Wyandotte County. Walter A. Huxman (1887-1972) – The 27th Governor of Kansas. Joseph G. McCoy (1837-1915) – Founder of the cattle trade in Kansas, originator of the Abilene Cattle Trail and cattle baron. The concept of People to People represented part of U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s lifelong crusade for peace. Charles H. Branscomb – Along with Charles Robinson, Branscomb was one of the founders of Lawrence and a Free-State advocate. Roy Farrell Greene (1873-1909) – Poet and humorist. Today he is a Professor of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Kansas. Ward Lockwood, a Kansas native, hangs in the U.S. Federal Building in Wichita, Kansas. Samuel J. Crawford (1835-1913) – Lawyer, soldier, and third governor of the State of Kansas. Somehow, the prairie dust gets in your blood, and it flows through your veins until it becomes a part of you. In the 1500s, Spanish conquistadores came to explore the place. Jim Ryun (1947-present) – From Wichita, Ryun was the World’s Outstanding Athlete in 1966-1967, a three-time Olympian, set a world track record for the mile in 1966, and member of U.S. Congress. – A pro-slavery advocate and Associate Justice of the Territory of Kansas. More thinly populated than the east, western Kansas has always feared and fought eastern domination, while the east often has ignored the west. Rex Maneval (1890-1974) – From Frankfort, Maneval was an inventor and helicopter manufacturer. Zula Bennington “Peggy” Greene (1895-1988) – From Topeka, she was an author and columnist. 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