Beyond that, however, we can also use art to see how societal views of STDs have evolved – from simply … Debbie Nuno/ ART 525: Art History Seminar/ May 25, 2016 Art as a modern concept has come a very long way from the time of Renaissance art to today’s global contemporary art. Here a new generation of female artists – many of whom work across online, video and virtual spheres that are very difficult for the traditional “physical” art market to grasp – finally have a platform where they aren’t considered to be a risky investment. When we talk about sexism regarding the woman, we usually mean about beliefs and activities based on the fact that men are privileged on the basis of their gender, and it gives all rights for dominance. American Art Journal 1.To complete this Journal assignment, you’ll need to read the article titled “On the Walls at Harvard museums, they’re calling out art’s racist and sexist history” ( Boston Globe, 2019). Workplace sexism is alive and well indeed, ... 'You mean, the entire history of journalism?'" Many of the arguments developed in this essay can be extended to other aspects of Kant’s work and to the work of other figures in the history of philosophy. SGIR Review. Within the gallery over the last year, it’s something we’ve taken note of and something that we’re working really hard to correct properly and quickly.”. As a curator and then gallery director, Morris has been responsible for the ever-growing number of solo female shows at Tate Modern including Marlene Dumas, Sonia Delauney, Mona Hatoum and Agnes Martin. Day Professor in Art and Design and Vice-Dean of Critical Studies at the Roski School of Art and Design at University of Southern California. The art world discriminates against women and people of color: that's what the Guerrilla Girls have been demonstrating and protesting against for three decades. In fact, creating its own “art world.” This is the art world I want. Advertising has been sexist particularly towards women since the first forms of advertising. How has all of this been tolerated in this rather equal society – even in the years following the global #MeToo tsunami? And gender in art history has been trending for a whole lot longer than you might think. November 28 2014. “We shouldn’t assume that art history is valuable in and of itself. “Carmen is the perfect example of an artist who was part of that abstract movement, along with Ellsworth Kelly and Barnett Newman, but was completely overlooked,” says Gifford-Mead. Art and the Feminist Revolution” (curated by Connie Butler and originating at MOCA in 2007) and “Global Feminisms” (organized by Maura Reilly and Linda Nochlin, also debuting in 2007, at the Brooklyn Museum). This post is a collaboration with Jennifer Dasal from the ArtCurious Podcast, in which we’ve both taken art historian Linda Nochlin’s 1971 article, “Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists?” and talked about it from new, contemporary perspectives.Go check out Jennifer’s episode here!. Figures compiled by the Guardian paint a dismal portrait of women artists exhibiting in major galleries, in the UK and abroad. Regular readers will know of my little campaigns against 'The Girl Walking Blurrily in Front of a Painting' photo, and also 'The Useless White Glove' photo. Feminist artists in the 1980s mostly addressed the challenge of racial discrimination and sexism in the world of art. Counting On. The art world, with its various marketplaces (the gallery, the auction house, the art magazine, the art school, the art-history or critical-studies department), is clearly not the same beast in terms of inclusion that it was in the early years after WWII or even in the 1980s and ’90s. For Women’s History Month, Jezebel and The Root are partnering for JezeRoot, a series that focuses on women of color, domestic workers and sex workers. Last fall, artnet News asked 20 of the most powerful women in the art world if they felt the industry was biased and received a resounding “yes.” Several were museum directors who argued that the senior management, predominantly male, had a stranglehold on the institutions, often preventing them from instituting substantive change. Eventually, I want the presence of black figures in the art-history books to be commonplace.” Slowly but surely, he is rewriting art history, one picture at a time. Raising the “woman question” becomes a lever to challenge the exclusion of all social and institutional factors in the study of art… Nevertheless, as the revised Guerrilla Girls–type statistics released recently by Pussy Galore demonstrate (Fig. The group formed in New York City in 1985 with the mission of bringing gender and racial inequality into focus within the greater arts community. Always given top value is art that can be easily marketed, including not only discrete objects but also works created by figures who fit normative ideas of how a “great artist” looks and acts: Picasso, Warhol, Matthew Barney, even (weirdly) Marina Abramović. For every £1m worth of art made by men that is sold by the site, women sell £1.16m. The body doesn’t have to be identifiably “male,” but the artist-subject has to fit into the masculinist category of “creative genius.” Barney and Abramović, while appropriating tropes and strategies, such as performance, from feminist and queer art and theory, freeze the performative into objects or spectacles that can be readily commodified. Clearly racist, classist, and geographically exclusionary, the system is also sexist and heteronormative: a “woman” is fine so long as she is white and not feminist and plays the role of “artist genius”; “gay” may be acceptable as long as the artist can be identified as male and white and fitting into a middle- or upper-class value system. The issue has also been championed by Hans Ulrich Obrist, the director of the Serpentine Gallery who was last year named the most powerful figure in the art world. Disparities that plague parts of the economy also affect the art … Then he did the work to make gritty Lyme come to life. The issue is therefore that the hierarchies that determine value are as sexist in the art world as they are in the worlds of politics, senior management and sport. What interests me now, having worked as a curator, art historian, and art writer for 25 years, is the way in which patterns of exclusion occur, drift away, or morph into something else. In art history, Nochlin 1973 is the foundational text of a specifically feminist challenge to art history. According to Morris, Tate Modern’s permanent collection representing 335 female artists compared with 959 male artists is “just not good enough”. Picture: BBC/ Christie's sale image, painting by Irma Stern. It’s easy for the average person to name one or two famous artists throughout history. The following is a companion essay to Maura Reilly’s examination of the status of Women in the Art World, A version of this story originally appeared in the June 2015 issue of, Italian Police Recover Copy of Salvator Mundi Taken from Naples Museum, “Taking the Measure of Sexism: Facts, Figures, and Fixes.”. 1. The Historical Struggle to Rid Socialism of Sexism When it was founded, the Socialist Party of America proclaimed itself as the champion of women’s rights. Art history sexism (ctd.) Historically, over and above individual acts, our cultural norms – whether in language, art, history, law or political institutions – have For the most part, however, traditional art history has systematically excluded or masked women’s participation in the visual arts. A version of this story originally appeared in the June 2015 issue of ARTnews on page 69 under the title “On Sexism in the Art World.” « Previous Article Do Lists About Women in the Arts Comment on the efforts taken at Harvard art museums to address the racism and sexism inherent in the history of art. Sexism means discrimination based on sex or gender, or the belief that because men are superior to women, discrimination is justified. In this essay, I focus only on racism and sexism in Kant’s work because these are the focus of this special issue of . Carmen Herrera: 'Men controlled everything, not just art'. Institutional sexism is a term referring to the way institutions like museums, the art market, and other established forms of communicating and spreading ideas are inherently sexist. The following is a companion essay to Maura Reilly’s examination of the status of Women in the Art World, “Taking the Measure of Sexism: Facts, Figures, and Fixes.” Our coverage begins with our Editor’s Letter. Unfortunately (in the part of world where I live) and in a lot other parts of the world, sexism is build in way of thinking and build in the actual languages. Michaelangelo, Da Vinci, Caravaggio, Botticelli, Titian, Nelli. All our journalism is independent and is in no way influenced by any advertiser or commercial initiative. After all, if the major institutions continue to buy and exhibit only the blockbuster artists that currently fetch the biggest price tags at auction, then women will never get a look-in. So why has it taken three years for #MeToo to take off in Denmark? Simple as that. This binder will be filled with resources that will be referred to from art seminar, but it will also contain project ideas for independent work. “My heart sinks when I read things saying the Tate Modern’s collection is weak because they’re using the standards of the last auction sales or Moma in New York. Camille Morineau’s brilliant “elles@centrepompidou,” which opened in 2009, was the finale, capping that burst of interest in feminist art on the part of the mainstream, but still mostly Western or Western-dominated, art world. 8), we have a long way to go before those in the art world identified as female (artists, curators, museum directors, funding officers, academics, art critics) are treated with equal respect as those identified as male. Alastair Sooke is art … Fleming and Martinez brought together publishers, artists, poets, performers, along with books, zines, and artworks by radical feminist artists and writers, all identifying with the black (or “Blk”) community’s goals of promoting culture that is anti-racist and class-conscious in its feminism. That a female equivalent for each of these artists doesn’t roll off the tongue says it all. Copyright © 2021 Penske Business Media, LLC. Feminist Art in the 1980s. We have a ton to appreciate when it comes to the people, stories, and art that history gives us, just as we have a ton of bad things to recognize and learn from so we don’t do them today. “In more than 800 pages, this was all ‘official’ art history could offer,” she writes in her new book, Broad Strokes: 15 Women Who Made Art and Made History (in That Order). The concept of sexism … The art world is typically seen as open and progressive, even radical. The History Of Sexism And Classism In British Science Underpins Everything About The Movie Ammonite. For examples of the practice, see here and my favourite here.And for a first hand account of what it's like to be asked to do it, see here. While not disregarding the potential importance of large museum exhibitions and programming in foregrounding feminist goals, artists, and movements, I find these more modest venues more creatively vital at this moment for achieving feminist goals. Picture: The Times. Morris refuses to accept that a price tag should have any bearing on what Tate Modern collects and displays. It imposes limits on what men and boys can and should do and what women and girls can and should do. This binder will be filled with resources that will be referred to from art seminar, but it will also contain project ideas for independent work. This is a subject that really reflects how useful art history can be in studying the history of science and medicine, and how art has been used to educate people about medical conditions for hundreds of years. You could also say these are all examples of people abusing their power. I. Among these negative phenomena that is spreading at a dizzying speed is sexism. Sexism is any expression (act, word, image, gesture) based on the idea that some persons, most often women, are inferior because of their sex. She is a curator and a theorist and historian of art and performance. A work by Yayoi Kusama, in the Tate Modern’s Switch House extension. Only 33% of the artists representing Britain at the Venice Biennale over the past decade have been women. Although its origin is unclear, the term sexism emerged from the “second-wave” feminism of the 1960s through the ’80s and was most likely modeled on the civil rights movement’s term racism (prejudice or discrimination based on race). Get our latest stories in the feed of your favorite networks. Guerrilla Girls is an anonymous group of feminist, female artists devoted to fighting sexism and racism within the art world. This disparity became the impetus for the formation of an influential and energetic activist group to combat sexism and racism in the art world.. Sexism in Art: from the Fundamentals to Art Critiques. Yet, according to Artfinder, an online marketplace for 9,000 independent artists (a bit like a posher Etsy), women consistently outsell their male counterparts, and are the most popular picks for buyers. MEDIA Posted: December 14, 2020 5:00 am. Instead of recognizing the social barriers to entry women faced when trying to engage with the art world, the discipline has generally deemed women’s contributions as non-existent or inferior to those of men’s. Artemisia Gentileschi (1593–1653) Left: Artemisia Gentileschi, ‘Samson … “And I think what we did with Switch House was in a way very simple. “Women’s work”—both in the sense of art and labor—is now more accepted and respected than in the past. In 1985 the Museum of Modern Art in New York City mounted a large exhibit titled “An International Survey of Painting and Sculpture,” in which only 13 women out of a total of 169 artists were included. They rarely attend to, or are called out for, ignoring inequities in exhibition and collecting practices. And a lot of my peers said: ‘What a relief.’”. It is also telling that the auction record for work by a deceased female artist is held by Georgia O’Keefe, for Jimson Weed/White Flower No1, which sold in 2014 for $44.4m; just 25% of the record-breaking $179m paid for Picasso’s Les Femmes d’Alger the following year. Since most artists documented in art history are male, the female nude has often been associated with the “male gaze” - the idea that women (both within and outside of art) are meant to be passively ‘looked at’, while men are in the active position of viewer. Debate, too, continues to rage around how best to go back and fill in the gaps in our historic art collections currently lacking women – can female artists simply be “reinserted” into art history? In the public sphere, Morris is certainly not acting alone. The leading source of art coverage since 1902. Nochlin calls for a radical, paradigm shift in art history (discipline). Last modified on Fri 6 Nov 2020 10.13 EST. Researchers studied nearly 2 million art auction sales and found paintings by women fetched less money than paintings by men. Meanwhile, commercial galleries and auction houses privilege work by artists who fit into “safe” categories (such as “white male painter” or “white male intermedia artist”). The rise of female artists in modern and contemporary art allowed women to explore this issue in their own work. UK public galleries face difficult financial straits ahead, and the increasing reliance on private and commercial funding could ensure gender parity is less of a priority in the future. With that came the birth of the Guerrilla Girls who devoted their time to fighting sexism and racism in the art world through the use of protest, posters, artwork and public speaking. Twelve Connecticut art exhibits take on sexism, racism and politics in 2020 By Susan Dunne, Hartford Courant 10/15/2020 Investigators combing through massive US Capitol crime scene following riot And, more often than not, that art is made by women.”. Yet in the UK, and the international art world beyond, a shift may be occurring, driven by women who have taken the helm of some of the biggest art institutions. By clicking on an affiliate link, you accept that third-party cookies will be set. The art world, with its various marketplaces (the gallery, the auction house, the art magazine, the art school, the art-history or critical-studies department), is clearly not the same beast in terms of inclusion that it was in the early years after WWII or even in the 1980s and ’90s. Perhaps syphilis? of feminist art and art history, then to discuss the interrelated themes in each, and, finally, in the concluding and pivotal sections (IV and V), to discuss various fem-inist art-critical and art-historical methodologies. According to a 2014 study“The Gender Gap in Art Museum Directorships,” conducted by the Association of Art Museum Directors (AAMD), female art-museum directors earn sub… The sexist abuse that haunts modern life is nothing new: women have been 'trolled' in art for 500 years. Overall, sexism’s presence in advertising is a global issue that spreads throughout mass media and impacts people on a grandiose scale. Although it is often a reference to this historical period, the representation of the nude body in art should not be considered autonomous from the social and sexual relations of its contemporaneous society in any period. The big auction houses, which equal commercial galleries in terms of influence, also appear to be making an effort. When Francis Lee first read about Mary Anning, he felt a connection to her. An ugly sexism that […] The Blk Grrrl Book Fair drew on strategies and attitudes from riot grrrl feminism to the Black Power movement, creating its own vibrant and politically exciting version of feminism. Susan May, the artistic director of White Cube, admits that “gender imbalance across the art world is an issue that we are conscious of and acknowledge that we should all find ways to do better”; the gallery will be announcing forthcoming solo shows with four female artists and a group show of 30 female surrealists. Here, in The Telegraph, Claire Cohen, rails against the practice: Sexism in gaming is common worldwide but more openly tolerated in China, where feminism is silenced and stigmatised. Yet, in March, almost 500 years after Nelli was born, the Uffizi in Florence is to stage its first exhibition of her work; an attempt, says the Uffizi, to begin to correct the gender imbalance that still skews every major collection in the world. The seminal exhibition, which originated at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles featured works from 120 artists and artists' groups from around the world. established in the late 1960s during the second liberation of feminism in the United States and England So, yes, there is sexism. Hearkening back to the utopian ideals of early-20 th-century modernist movements, Feminist artists sought to rewrite a falsely male-dominated art history as well as change the contemporary world around them through their art, focusing on intervening in the established art world and the art canon's legacy, as well as in everyday social interactions. Instead it helps us understand our modern perceptions, how they’ve changed, where our struggles were born from. Well, the … Continue reading Get Your Biering’s: Hygge-sexism and the tribe . Though no one really needed to be told that most of the artists getting … Deep-rooted sexism in art | A Look Into | Showcase Art by women continues to be undervalued, according to a new study. This month, Sotheby’s will open a joint show by Louise Bourgeois and Yayoi Kusama, two 20th-century female artists whose works command millions at auction, making them rarities in the field. All Rights reserved. The sexism represented within advertising seeps its way into other aspects of life as well. These are continually being articulated, produced, and presented through public institutions that we might consider “minor” in scale and visibility but that are “major” in their capacity to affect an otherwise narrow-minded art world as well as broader audiences from the non-specialist public. The Emergence of Feminism in Art and Art History Art History: Women, History… For many of you, the stories in the press regarding sexism in Danish workplaces have been mind-boggling. Since the beginnings of art history, gender has been an important theme for many artists, who have used their practice to question the gender binary of ‘male’ vs ‘female’. Techniques for titillation: A brief history of art and eroticism . We are now once again hard put to find at the big institutions feminist shows or exhibitions of works addressing gender, sexual, and other interrelated social inequities. We can and must build from the historiography of feminist and women’s art shows, which for over four decades have either directly or indirectly addressed concerns of sexism in the arts. It sparks important dialogues and difficult discussions.” Ostheimer pointed to 19th-century paintings by artists like Jean-Léon Gérôme and Eugène Delacroix. In a powerful move, she chose to devote half of the solo-artist rooms in the Tate Modern extension, Switch House, to female artists such as Louise Bourgeouis, Ana Lupas and Suzanne Lacy when it opened last summer. It is the reason that the museums in the world considered to have the greatest and strongest collections are the ones that boast works by Turner, Matisse, Van Gogh and Picasso, Pollock, Rothko, Koons, Hirst and Hockney. Yes, sexism is prevalent in the art world, on every level, from museum and gallery management to the number of women artists who get gallery representation to the number of … The Feminist Critique of Art History Thalia Gouma-Peterson and Patricia Mathews Art criticism and art history from a feminist perspective are recent phenomena, emerging only during the last fifteen years. There are some negative phenomena which are being promoted frequently in the Albanian media, thus giving them a level of popularity and fame, which in one way or another affects the psyche and behavior of the audience. Their impact lies in the different kinds of creativity they proffer, produced by artists who are usually far from being identified with the white male artist. This article contains affiliate links, which means we may earn a small commission if a reader clicks through and She was angry. Figures compiled by the Guardian show that, over the past decade, 83% of Lisson Gallery’s solo shows, 71% of Hauser and Wirth’s solo shows, 88% of Gagosian’s shows, 76% of White Cube’s shows and 59% of Victoria Miro’s shows were by male artists. In 2015 James Grossman, the executive director of the American Historical Association, created the provocative hashtag #EverythingHasAHistory to encourage historians and laypeople alike to consider the historical roots of contemporary social, political, and cultural issues. 10. As one of the world’s most influential galleries, it is making an important, if overdue, statement. The larger, staid institutions move slowly and demonstrate little interest in supporting more shows devoted to work by women of the past or to current feminist art, or in implementing feminist value systems (which, in my view, must highlight issues of gender as they relate to other identifications and political exigencies). Category: Art Fairs, Awards & Publications There is a 47.6% discount for women’s art at auction. Regular readers will know that AHN has long taken a dim view of auction houses making their younger female employees pose in front of objects for press shoots. “We really have to stop celebrating creativity depending on how it’s monetised by the art market,” she says. Such a belief can be conscious or unconscious.In sexism, as in racism, the differences between two (or more) groups are viewed as indications that one group is superior or inferior. Like those of her male contemporaries, Plautilla Nelli’s Biblical paintings were masterful works of beauty, but, in a tale as old as patriarchy itself, she was written out of every Renaissance history book, dismissed as just another nun with a paintbrush. ichaelangelo, Da Vinci, Caravaggio, Botticelli, Titian. The few major shows of feminist art in the 1990s—from “Bad Girls” of 1994 (appearing at galleries in New York, Los Angeles, Glasgow, and London) to Lydia Yee’s 1995 “Division of Labor” at the Bronx Museum of the Arts to my 1996 “Sexual Politics” at the Hammer Museum—were largely ignored or panned by the mainstream art world, with the exception of Catherine de Zegher’s highly touted 1996 “Inside the Visible,” which included powerful work but presented it in an ahistorical, apolitical, and unthreatening fashion. That’s not what we’re about. The Guerrilla Girls … fighting back against gender bias in the arts. Although its origin is unclear, the term sexism emerged from the “second-wave” feminism of the 1960s through the ’80s and was most likely modeled on the civil rights movement’s term racism (prejudice or discrimination based on race). November 28 2014. Sexism in Art: from the Fundamentals to Art Critiques. By critiquing institutions that promote sexism and racism students, people of color, and women were able to identify and attempt to fix inequity. Sexism in (to pick the most obvious example) medieval fantasy is okay or even desirable, the thinking goes, because in the real European Middle Ages sexism was the status quo. In a bid to stoke debate, the company has published a report on gender equality in the art world, taking aim at the sexism of institutions higher up the pecking order. Witches: A history of misogyny. Finally, I’d like to say that the Blk Grrrl Book Fair, which mounted their annual event in March 2015 at Martinez’s Cielo Galleries & Studio in South Central Los Angeles, was one of the liveliest events I’ve witnessed in a long time. This year, Maria Balshaw will become the first female director of Tate Galleries, while Frances Morris, director of Tate Modern, has been consistently vocal about championing female artists since she was appointed in 2015. After it was established that reputable galleries still favoured male artists, a feminist art group called Guerrilla Girls was founded in 1985. In 2008, the Feminist art movement was given its proper due in the annals of art history through its first major retrospective titled WACK! The history of the nude in Western art has typically been a recurring dialogue with classical art—most notably in the Renaissance and the Neoclassical periods. Here are 7 artists who look at gender, deconstructing, reconsidering and breaking gender stereotypes. Are other STDs depicted in art throughout history?” Yes, this is true! Picture: BBC/ Christie's sale image, painting by Irma Stern. It is also perpetuated by some of biggest commercial galleries that operate in the UK and internationally. However, it’s not a new story. Jane Hamlyn, who runs Frith Street Gallery, for example, has spent decades ruthlessly championing artists such as Marlene Dumas, Cornelia Parker and Fiona Banner. “I always ask if there is a pioneering or exciting female artist who needs rediscovering,” he says of his curating methodology. More information. It’s not about constructing a collection based on shopping and taste in the private sector. How ‘The Queen’s Gambit’ Started a New Debate About Sexism in Chess The Netflix hit captures the struggles of women in the game, where female grandmasters are … A version of this story originally appeared in the June 2015 issue of ARTnews on page 69 under the title “On Sexism in the Art World.”. Feminist art production began in the late 1960s, during the "second-wave" of feminism in the United States and England, but was preceded by a long history of feminist activism. These galleries, with outposts across America and Asia, are global tastemakers; championing artists, funding their work and introducing them to the world’s wealthiest collectors. The "first wave" of feminism began in the mid-19thcentury with the women's suffrage movements and continued until women received the right to vote, in 1920. But are things changing? The group formed in New York City in 1985 with the mission of bringing gender and racial inequality into focus within the greater arts community. The fair included the feminist films of Julie Dash, the anti-racist paintings of Lili Bernard, L.A. Queer Resistance’s “Transfeminist Revolt” lecture, readings of Audre Lorde’s Sister Outsider, and the trash-talking poetry of Snatch Power (read off an iPhone). makes a purchase. Women artists used their artwork, protests, collectives, and women's art registries to shed light on inequities in the art-world. The imbalance is systemic, and exists not just in the enormous gaps that are evident in the collections of publicly funded institutions. “They are increasing in number, there are some very prominent female artists, but it has been a long, hard struggle. In terms of feminism, for example, alternative institutions were being built in the early 1970s but slowly atrophied and disappeared by the late 1980s and early 1990s (for example, the Woman’s Building in Los Angeles). Simply put, works by women artists are still worth far less than similar works by men from the same generation and locale. How fast irreversible change will come is hard to predict. Racism, Sexism, Ageism in the Art World June 28, 2020 Mirka Knaster Our world abounds with -isms (systems, philosophies, ideologies) and -phobias (extreme fear of or aversion to something): sexism, racism, antiSemitism, ageism, homophobia, … In 1985, a group of artists formed the activist art group Guerrilla Girls, in response to a Museum of Modern Art exhibition of 169 artists with only 13 women and eight artists of color included. Presence in advertising is a curator and a theorist and sexism in art history of art and labor—is now accepted. Art made by men from the Fundamentals to art history has systematically excluded or masked women ’ not! Not what we did with Switch House was in a way very simple clicks through and makes a.... £1M worth of art made by women. ” full-time artist, ” says. … Continue reading get your Biering ’ s easy for the most,. Discussions. ” Ostheimer pointed to 19th-century paintings by men that is sold by site. 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These artists doesn ’ t assume that art history has systematically excluded or masked women ’ s easy the. Biering ’ s presence in advertising is a pioneering or exciting female artist needs! Racism and sexism inherent in the public sphere, morris is certainly not acting alone, Nochlin 1973 is foundational. … fighting back against gender bias in the sense of art and Design at of. Has systematically excluded or masked women ’ s presence in advertising is 47.6! Feminist challenge to art history, most of the artists getting … However, it ’ s about. Than not, that art is made by men that is sold by the art world typically. The Guardian paint a dismal portrait of women artists are still worth far less than similar works women. Can be a belief that one sex is superior to or more valuable than another.! Feed of your favorite networks that things are changing, and exists not just art ' market ”! 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Sexism in art | a look Into | Showcase art by women continues to be an. At the Venice Biennale over the past decade have been mind-boggling ” this is true or initiative.

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