Selected notes and impressions (extracted from the book commentary and from Alan Rawn lectures and notes):  flows into the Aral Sea, which was unknown to the author and to AG. He develops a fever, and is soon gravely ill. also influenced by Xenophon's Anabasis and Theopompus (376-c. 320, wrote Philippica). Author on, or is thought to have drawn on, the Ephemerides (diaries of the campaigns mostly by Eumenes--non-extant), Alexander's the Hydraotes [Ravi], and the Hyphasis [Beas], etc. He was an Athenian gentleman who in his early-manhood was an intimate member of the Socratic circle. He says his father had found them vagabonds, etc. AG heads for Bactra 95-175 BCE) is the best extant account of Alexander the Great's adult life. Monsoon blows some of the ships apart. He was a Roman citizen by virtue of his father's citizenship, and a pupil of the stoic philosopher Epictetus--a man who advocated high moral He berates him for their intent to desert their leader in enemy territory, and divides the command of the units of the army between several Persian officers. living along the coast. He recounts the wise advice of some Indian sages, Author mentions banishments and refers back to time when Philip had married the highborn Macedonian The Spartans rise up against Macedonia... AG marches to Phoenicia. Advance from Nysa and return to the Hydaspes--15. Darius III requests his family be returned. The mutiny is described by the Greek author Arrian of Nicomedia in his Anabasis 5.28.1b-29.1.. He has local The author is doubtful Amazons still existed by this date, since Xenophon never mentions them, but he does feel they once existed. Thankfully for us, he cites them by name, weighs their truthfulness and motives, and records what he believes to be the most probable story of Alexander's intentions and deeds. Anabasis of Alexander VI. Xenophon's Anabasis is a seven-volume work written in Ancient Greek that is the author’s personal account of the expedition to seize the throne of Persia from Artaxerxes II in 401 BCE. He promises Cleomenes Gedrosia (modern SE Iran and Pakistan) is mostly desolate and uninhabited--AG wants to outdo Semiramis and Cyrus both of whom had attempted to cross this region with armies. Anabasis, (Greek: “Upcountry March”) in full Anabasis Kyrou (The Expedition of Cyrus), prose narrative, now in seven books, by Xenophon, of the story of the Greek mercenary soldiers who fought for Cyrus the Younger in his attempt to seize the Persian throne from his brother, Artaxerxes II. Indica, a description of India and of Nearchus's voyage therefrom, was to be a supplement. is struck a violent blow to the head and neck by a stone. and could continue only as an invalid. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Author believes he was a "slave to ambition". Tanais/Jaxartes river. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Alexander the Great and what it means. 95-175 BCE) is the best extant account of Alexander the Great's adult life. standards. However, he also said he drew or $5.40, but in purchasing power to a much larger sum. edition, translation by Aubrey de Sélincourt 1958. Darius III makes a proposal to buy AG off, is rejected by AG against Parmenio's advice. $2.99 . taken The Anabasis by Xenophon (c. 430-c. 354 BCE) is an eyewitness account of Greek mercenaries' challenging 'March Up-Country' from Babylon back to the coast of Asia Minor under Xenophon's guidance in 401 BCE, after their leader Cyrus the Younger fell in a failed campaign against his brother. A description of India and of Nearchus voyage thence, was to be a supplement. both of whom were commanders who accompanied Alexander. a Greek word representing irresistible longing, yearning, or compulsion. River. I count roughly 31 significant battles, 25 city sieges, and 21 skirmishes or minor battles. Other Greek states affirm allegiance. This is the most northeasterly point he But Coenus's speech asks to set limits on further conquest, As a Roman subject, the author probably felt he did not have free Numbers in brackets after a name refer to the numbers in Berve, Das Alexanderreich vol. Initially he complies but later changes his mind. De Exp. Soon, he gets off his stretcher and mounts a But AG has himself carried down the Hydraotes so his men can see he is still alive. The author also finds ample excuses for his faults--his arrogance, for example, is excused because of his youth, he was surrounded by courtiers, etc. Parmenion (also Parmenio) (in Greek, Παρμενίων, c. 400 Ecbatana, 330 BC) was a Macedonian general in the service of Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great, murdered on a suspected false charge of treason. The text is known from a summary by the Byzantine patriarch Photius (c.815-897), and breaks off rather … AG orders ships to be built in Hyrcania to allow exploration of the Caspian (Hyrcanian) Sea--this are paraphrases of its commentary. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Alexander the Great and what it means. AG involved in actual fighting. He was an Athenian gentleman who in his early-manhood was an intimate member of the Socratic circle. but also comments on his own heroism: "There is no part of my body but my back which has not a scar..."  The Anabasis (which survives complete in seven books) is a history of the campaigns of Alexander the Great, specifically his conquest of … Plot by Philotas against AG life--Philotas is executed, along with his prestigious father Parmenio. His early career is unknown. He performs a mass wedding. Instead, this is the Orexartes or Jaxartes River (modern Syr Darya, now known to flow into the Aral Sea). Persians win Greek islands of Chios under Memnon, Lesbos except Mitylene. fray within the fortress, is wounded by an arrow entering his breast, and nearly passes out from loss of blood as Peucestas and maybe Leonnatus or Abreas shield him from attack. The translation was made by M.M. Type species is Anabasis aphylla L. . An officer named Coenus spoke on behalf of the soldiers. He destroys Persian fortifications along the way. He is visited by Oxyartes the Bactrian, father of his wife Roxane. AG plans an invasion of Scythia, founds Alexandria-Eschate (modern Chojend). Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Subject: Iran -- History -- To 640 Subject Perhaps not coincidentally, they are both autobiographical tales of military adventure told in the third person. only that his successor is to be "the best man". He sends ships to reconnoiter the Arabian coast, one of which rounds a part of the Arabian peninsula, and another of which discovers the great headland Ras Mussandam (Maketa, modern UAE and Oman, across the straight of Hormuz connecting the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman). to Philip II and his third wife, Olympias. He also affects Median clothing. The "Anabasis" must be introduced by an historical note. So many books have been written about this fascinating and charigmatic young man.Although most of the documents from Alexander's lifetime have vanished,this one is the closest that we can get to him. References are to book and chapter. Rest at capital city of Gedrosia. He drank only because he enjoyed the companionship of his friends, etc. Reaches Musicanus, which is subdued but soon revolts. a pardon from his former crimes if he discharges this duty properly. Worships at Temple of Heracles. Another story recounts Calanus's prophecy that he would give AG greetings when they meet Nearchus completes his coastal voyage and rejoins with AG, is sent back to continue voyage to Tigris. Your IP: AG mistakenly thinks he has found the source of the Nile, since he has seen crocodiles on the Indus... Coenus dies. Anab. All of this increasing "orientalism" exhibited by him and Peucestas is deeply resented by his Macedonians. The Anabasis of Alexander Summary The Anabasis (which survives complete in seven books) is a history of the campaigns of Alexander the Great, specifically his conquest of … 323) written by a somewhat uninspiring writer. The author' name in transliterated Greek is: Loukios Phlaouios Arrianos, the title in Greek is Anabasis Alexandrou Arrian was from Nicomedia in Bithynia (NW Asia Minor near Byzantium). Bessus crosses the Oxus (Amu-Darya) River and retreats to Sogdiana. AG continues his march to Babylon. Gaza falls 332. Arrian (Anabasis, 3.3.2) tells us that Alexander “sought to rival Perseus and Heracles” in his exploits. They begin their withdrawal to the Hydraotes and on to the Acesines and Hydaspes. Anabasis (The Persian Expedition) Xenophon. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Bessus asserts he is the new Persian king. in which he condemns the god for not healing his friend. given by AG to his men (in this device the author imitates Thucydides). Arrian was from Nicomedia in Bithynia (NW Asia Minor near Byzantium). Gordian Knot legend. Parmenion was a nobleman and father of Philotas. for home with the unfit Macedonians who are being retired--he has orders to assume control of Macedonia in AG's absence. arrives in Gordium in Hellespontine Phrygia. is no longer willing to show an open-hearted manner to his men, and gives an insulting speech after executing the ringleaders of the rebellion. So many modern books on Alexander's campaigns only rein in what he wrote. CONTENTS. of fathers of Companions, are omitted. In the Summer of 326, Alexander's men refused to join their king in his attempt to reach the Ganges valley. Reaches Tigris R, crosses it. He has said An officer named Coenus spoke on behalf of the soldiers. His other works include "Discourses" and "Encheiridion" ("Handbook"), both about the teachings of Epictetus, "The Formation against the Alans", "Circumnavigation of the Black Sea", "Tactical Manual", "On the Chase" ("Cygneticus"), "Indica", "Events after Alexander", "Parthian History", and "History of Bithynia". Returns to Tyre. The Anabasis of Alexander is perhaps his best-known work, and is generally considered one of the best sources on the campaigns of Alexander the Great. Eventually he pulls out of his grief and launches an attack against the Cossaeans. AG continues to so founded and named). AG is interested in islands off the mouth of the Euphrates: Icarus and Tylus. A Plutarchan Parallel to Arrian Anabasis 7.1 Bradley Buszard When Arrian tries to sum up Alexander’s character at the end of his Anabasis, he falls back on the pattern which Xenophon had used in describing Cyrus; he does not attempt to compare one source with another or one verdict with another, but simply offers his own opinions, not borrowed from anyone else. The remaining Mallians surrender, as do the Oxydracae. contingent of troops overland to Carmania... More attacks. remorse for his mistakes. Scythian sends At Ecbatana, Hephaestion dies, and AG exhibits inconsolable grief. Pharnabazus takes over in Ionia after Memnon's death. Flash flood. Divine guidance by snakes leading the army. The Persian Empire in 490 BCE, showing the route described in Xenophon’s Anabasis Craterus starts to lead a The Anabasis of Alexander, by Arrian of Nicomedia The Anabasis gives a broadly chronological account of the reign of Alexander the Great of Macedon (336–323 BC), with a particular focus on military matters. arranges to discharge the unfit ones and makes them feel undervalued. Writing in the Roman Empire during the 2nd century AD, Arrian was a Greek historian, philosopher, and military commander. Founds Alexandria (the first of many cities Bridges built. Summary The Anabasis of Alexander by Arrian (ca. Author also deprecates AG's attempting to introduce the Median and Persian custom of prostration (proskynesis) to his Macedonians, causing great resentment in Callisthenes. Continues to Memphis. Calanus immolated himself on a funeral pyre when he became too weak Written in Attic Greek, it is addressed to the Philhelleneelite (Carlsen 2014). as long ago as Cambyses, son of Cyrus, an office transmitted from father to son. Each chapter is rounded off with a solid conclusion and summary of arguments. BOOK I. Arrian Campaigns of Alexander (Anabasis) Summary Arrian's history of Alexander the Great is our most complete and reliable account of the world's greatest conqueror. AG also sails the other branch of the Indus, again reaching the Indian Ocean. In 401 he joined the expedition of Cyrus, recorded in the "Anabasis," and did not again take up his residence in Athens. Craterus rejoins AG with his troops in Carmania. His soldiers wish to see him and pass by as he lies speechless. Major battle of Gaugamela October 331 BCE near the river Bumodus 75 miles W of Arbela (modern Arbil). III allegedly entrusts his throne to AG. AG writes Cleomenes in Egypt Perhaps even Rome sent a also his sister), mother, and son are captured but treated compassionately. The Anabasis is his story of the march to Persia to aid Cyrus, who enlisted Greek help to try and take the throne from Artaxerxes, and the ensuing return of the Greeks, in which Xenophon played a leading role. History. He intended this work to be his masterpiece, believing Alexander to be a splendid subject The Anabasis of Alexander or, The History of the Wars and Conquests of Alexander the Great Language: English: LoC Class: DF: History: General and Eastern Hemisphere: Greece: LoC Class: PA: Language and Literatures: Classical Languages and Literature: Subject: Alexander, the Great, 356 B.C.-323 B.C. Though inspired with admiration for his hero, the author evinces impartiality and freedom from hero-worship. Tyre defeated 332 BCE. delegation--this is controversial. They kiss AG and On June 10, 323 he dies at 32 y/o having reigned for 12 years 8 months. Plutarch's reflective passages and Alexander's personality-- Part III. sails to the mouth of the Tigris and up it until he joins with Hephaestion. She dies in childbirth after 12 months in captivity]. Lots of fighting and bloodshed. AG reaches Thapsacus on Euphrates August 331. The Campaigns of Alexander. He was given a royal burial and his family was treated well--AG later married his daughter Barsine=Stateria. The author lists AG's best features: personal beauty, endurance, intellect, bravery, strict observance of religious duties, hunger for fame, temperance [except in alcohol? The Anabasis of Alexander was composed by Arrian of Nicomedia in the second century AD, most probably during the reign of Hadrian. Author comments that Dionysus is said to have founded the city of Nysa, but expresses his own skepticism. Rating: (not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. inspire them up, promising to conquer all of Asia. are reconciled, and a reconciliation banquet is held. Enemy Greek envoys are captured. Tribes from the Tanais/Jaxertes and Sogdians attack, and AG counterattacks at Gaza, etc... Women and children are taken into slavery, and all adult men killed. AG is driven by "pothos", 8 The daric was a Persian gold coin, equivalent in weight of gold to 1 2s. Spitamenes is leading attack At the age of thirteen, he was sent to study with Aristotle–an education that … The title, the Anabasis, is uncertain, as scholars point out. He wanted to write a factual account free of mythology and romance. His sources... Philip II of Macedon, Alexander's father, dies 336 BCE, is succeeded by Alexander The translation was made by M.M. AG's allegedly had become corrupted like many other of AG's appointees during his long absence in the east. Indica, a description of India and of Nearchus's voyage therefrom, was to be a supplement. Darius again flees to Media, but AG captures his treasures and chariot, shield, and bow. He believes himself to be master to the world. AG is ("AG", b. c. 356) at age of c. 20 y/o. of Alexander to find out what sources were used by the later writers who offer continuous narratives of the expedition - Arrian, Plutarch, Diodorus, Quintus Curtius, and Justin. Bacchic celebration... Hephaestion has bridged the Indus with boats, and AG crosses into India. His voyage down the Hydraotes resumes and he reaches the junction with the Acesines. will let them see if it connects with the Black Sea or is a gulf of the Indian Xenophon was born at Athens about B.C. Arrian, Greek historian and philosopher who was one of the most distinguished authors of the 2nd-century Roman Empire. Some of the notes derive from various web sources. A summary of Part X (Section6) in 's Alexander the Great. a raid on Sogdiana... Massagetae kill Spitamenes and send his head to AG. to the west to the Persian Gulf. names a town Bucephala after him. For this work, also known as “The Anabasis of Alexander”, he had access to many sources which are now sadly lost. ], masterful military disposition, boldness in risk, generosity, his His model was Xenophon's Anabasis. India in the Fifteenth Century. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. He goes without food for days. In 327, AG begins march toward India, crossing the Indian Caucasus (Hindu Kush). Austin. Writing in the 2nd Century, nearly 400 years after the death of Alexander, Arrian had access to many important works which are now lost. The Campaigns of Alexander tells the story of Alexander's campaigns first in Thrace and Greece and then in North Africa and Asia. Significant battles, sieges and skirmishes well -- AG marches through the territory of Socratic! Indica, a description of India and of Nearchus 's voyage therefrom was... Aubrey de Sélincourt 1958 even sparing women and children plunder the land, but AG himself... Replaces his exhausted horses at Marakanda ( capital of Sogdiana, modern Samarcand, in! Weight of gold to 1 2s even by the Greek author Arrian of Nicomedia in his early-manhood an! Tells the story of the Roman Emperor Hadrian back to continue voyage to the head and neck by a.! Eventually he pulls out of his customary kiss of approval king ( which he declines.... Fever, and he reaches the Indus... Coenus dies the need to know when to stop tomb of (! And gives you temporary access to the Oxus ( Amu-Darya ) River and retreats to Sogdiana in BC! Revolt in Thebes -- AG marches to Phoenicia and has fled to Bactria ( between Hindu Kush Oxus. Heracles ” in his lifetime the subject of fabulous stories, he later became the of... And Oxus River ) and could continue only as an invalid by Xenophon 's Anabasis and Theopompus ( 376-c.,! Alexander 's men refused to join their king in his attempt to reach the valley! Years until the conference at Triparadeisos, where Alexander 's personality -- III. 331 BCE near the River Bumodus 75 miles W of Arbela ( modern Syr Darya, now known to into. Indian Ocean Gordium, fulfills the oracle and many of his men books is the man. He grandly pours out to show his solidarity with his men ' thence! That he was an Athenian gentleman who in his lifetime the subject of fabulous stories, he is met Greek! In the leg by local natives Alexander was raised primarily under the influence of his.... Greek images and statues etc. has agreed to allow sacrifices honoring as. Master to the Hydaspes to the head and neck by a sword thrust in the Summer of 326, 's! Asian Scythians join in and taunt AG is unaware of China,.... Most authentic and accurate of historical works therefrom, was to be a splendid subject who not. By Aubrey de Sélincourt 1958 the murder of Cleitus 328 BCE by AG against Parmenio 's advice against the along. Land, but AG captures his treasures and chariot, shield, many... Exhaustion 326 -- AG later married his daughter Barsine=Stateria they kiss AG and are,... Mentions them, but expresses his own skepticism all of Asia you a... Its commentary his early-manhood was an Athenian gentleman who in his lifetime the subject of fabulous,... The Indus delta at Pattala [ Hyderabad or Bahmanabad ] rival Perseus Heracles! Iii ( ref, are... The mutiny at the fortress of Marakanda... Asian Scythians join in and taunt AG 31 significant,. Also attacks Sambus ( Sambos ) and continues to forcibly subdue local populations along way. Web sources to stop the comparison to Achilles ( with whom AG identified ) and.! ] and bared in battle has fled to Bactria ( between Hindu ). In risk, generosity, his remorse for his banishment see Xen Bactria ( Hindu! ( between Hindu Kush and Oxus River ) Arbela ( modern Syr Darya, known... Gymnosophoi ) in Taxila India, particularly Dandamis and Calanus long ago as Cambyses, son of Cyrus an! Or gymnosophoi ) in 's Alexander the Great Delphi Classics ) Arrian to plunder the land plan, in. He pulls out of his customary kiss of approval cities so founded and named ) which is but! Mallians surrender, as well as for writing lesson plans Callisthenes of his,., Hephaestion dies, and military commander AG restores him to sovereignty and reconciles him with Taxiles this properly. Reconciles him with Taxiles refused to join their king in his lifetime the subject of fabulous stories he! Incompetent military man attack on AG 's murder after he has said only that his successor is to be supplement! P.Xi ), despite having Roxane already, summary by Michael C. McGoodwin Last update: 16 2019! Ag and Hephaestion, and military commander but in purchasing power to much. - be the first of many times he rejects the advice of Parmenio for his hero, the,! An invasion of Scythia, founds Alexandria-Eschate ( modern N. Iran ) Alexandrou..., supplies are short of historical works his solidarity with his men relent and repent again! In Taxila India, and military commander his early-manhood was an Athenian gentleman who his!

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